STATE EMBLEM Today, when the entire state and political structure in Mongolia has changed, the state emblem has changed altogether.
The new coat-of-arms surrounded by a loop of swastikas (tumen nasan), and displaying the lotus flower, the eight-wheel chakra and the hadak - blue silk scarf, are all foreign elements. But as far as the Soyombo ideogram is concerned, it is a different matter. Altough it is a Sanskrit word, it was designed by the first Mongolian theocrat ruler Ondor Gegeen Zanabazar in the 18th century, symbolizing the independence of Mongolia. The Mongols, since ancient times, have held in great respect horses, but since it is a land-creature, it was never incorporated into the state emblem or banner.
Under socialism, horse was used to symbolize the unbreakable unity between a worker and a herder, similarly like the hammer and sickle of the former Soviet Union. The old coat-of-arms of Mongolia showed a man on horseback with a long lasso (1940-60) and without a lasso (1960-91) galloping towards "communism". With the promulgation of the new Constitution, communism was rejected and the new coat-of-arms was approved in 1992.
NATIONAL FLAG The State Flag of the Mongolia is red-blue-red, arranged vertically with the State Emblem-Soyombo- in the upper left-hand corner. The ratio of the flag’s width to length is 1:2
SOYOMBO Since ancient times the Soyombo ideogram has been the national emblem of freedom and independence of the Mongols. At the top of the ideogram is a flame, which symbolizes blossoming, revival, upgrading and continuation of the family. The three prongs of the flame signify the prosperity of the people in the past, the present and the future.
Below the sign of the flame are the sun and the crescent, traditionally symbolizing the origin of the Mongolian people. The combination of the flame, the sun and the crescent expresses the wish: May the Mongolian people live and prosper.
The triangles at the top and bottom of the Soyombo are a general expression of the people’s willingness to defend the freedom and independence of the country, while the rectangles are the symbols of honesty, justice and nobility. There are two at the top and bottom, personifying honesty and selfless service to the homeland.
The fish, in Mongolian folklore, is a creature that never closes its eyes, i.e. remains vigilant. The two fish in the emblem symbolize the unity of the people: men and women. The cumulative meaning is: May the whole people be united, wise and vigilant. The two vertical rectangles on the sides of the emblem signify fortress walls and are a graphic presentation of the ancient Mongolian saying: ‘Two men in friendship are stronger than walls of stone: In the Soyombo they have the meaning: May the whole people be united in friendship, and then it will be stronger than the stone walls of a fortress.