Shamanis Heritage: Shamanism, an amalgam of fetishism, animism and totemism, is probably humankind’s oldest belief system. In Mongolia, Shamanism has especially been practiced amongst a few ethnic groups: the Darkhad, Buriad, Khotgoid, Uriankhai and Tsaatan (reindeer people).


Buddism: During the 17th-20th century the Buddhist monasteries were not only centers of learning, but also were focal points of social life. From the end of the 16th century on wards Buddhism was widely propagated in Mongolia and in consequence many temples and monasteries were established. At the beginning of the 20th century there were over 900 monasteries and temples, and over 100 000 monks in Mongolia.


Mongolian Manuscrips and Printing : Traditional manuscripts were handwritten, often beautifully executed with bamboo brushes. A number of documents were composed with iron or wooden pencils. In the 16th century Mongolia Buddhism and its associated literary culture flourished and many large and small printing blocks, among which wooden blocks were most commonly employed.


Musicial Instruments: are generally divided into string, wind, drum and percussion instruments and are further classified according to their usage as either folk or religious. Apart from the unique local heritage of Mongolia is home to instruments that are borrowed from neighboring countries and cultures. Uniquely Mongolian instruments of ancient origin are folk instruments the horse-head fiddle in a variety of shapes sizes and two- stringed plucked lute.


Naadam, National Festival of Three Mainly Game: Naadam is national festival or competition in wrestling, archery and horse racing. Mongolia has deep rooted tradition to get together to test their strength in wrestling, wisdom and accuracy in shooting and courage in horseracing.


Mongolian Games and Toys: Profoundly reflect the characteristics of the nomadic lifestyle and have been handed down for many centuries. Traditional toys are classified into three categories depending on whether they are meant for sport competitions, private entertainment or for state rituals. According to their use and purpose bone, stone, or wood materials find their applications in board games, puzzles, and moving toys. Oral traditions, such as riddles, form a class apart. One of the most popular games among adults and children are games that make use of anklebones.